EIA Complete Factors

Jurisdiction EIA Law Law Link EIA Regulations Regulations Link EIA Guidelines or Other Guidance Guidance Link Projects Requiring EIA Abridged Assessments Best Practices in Lieu of EIA Who Conducts Screening Criteria for Screening Detail Criteria for Screening Terms of Reference Who Prepares EIA Who Pays for EIA EIA Contractor Qualifications Conflict of Interest Days for Decision Maker Review Automatic Approval Written Decision Authority to Impose Conditions Expiry of Decision Financial Assurances or Bond Interdisciplinary Team Range of Alternatives No Action Alternative Type(s) of Impact Analysis Mitigation Monitoring Plans Public Notice of Draft EIA Draft EIA Available Draft EIA Locations Public Notice of Final EIA Final EIA Available Final EIA Locations Fee to View EIA Documents Fee to Obtain EIA Documents Availability of Reference Studies Public Notice of Final Decision Public Scoping Public Review of TOR Public Participation Opportunities Public Meetings Public Input at Meeting Criteria to Hold Public Meeting Days for Public to Review Draft EIA Public Comments on Draft EIA Days for Public to Review Final EIA Public Comments on Final EIA Response to Public Comments Facilitation of Public Participation Project Monitoring Citizen Administrative Review Citizen Judicial Review Enforceability of EIA Enforceability of Permit
Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Environment Law, 2007 (unofficial translation) Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2008 National Administrative Guidelines for the Preparation of Environmental Impact Assessments Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government No person may undertake an activity that is likely to cause significant impact to the environment without following applicable EIA procedures. Envt. Law, art. 13. Schedule I of the EIA Regulations contains categorization of activities. List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 45 days No Yes Yes 3 years No No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes No Other Yes Yes Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required Variable Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No
Australia - NSW Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW) (EPA) Environment, Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW)(EPAR) Government projects, Private Projects No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No No Yes
Belize Environmental Protection Act, 2000; Environmental Protection (Amendment) Act, 2009 Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, Environmental Impact Assessment (Amendment) Regulations, 2007 Procedures Manual for the Preparation of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in Belize (The EIA Preparers Manual) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government "All undertakings, projects, or activities specified in Schedule I shall require an environmental impact assesment." EIA Regulations, sec. 7. An EIA for activities listed in Schedule II are discretionary, and determined by the Departments. EIA Regulations, sec. 8. See also Section 20(1), Environmental Protection Act (EIA required if project may cause significant environmental impact). List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days No Yes Yes Variable Sometimes No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts Yes Yes No Yes Yes Internet, Library, Local government office No No Yes No No Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No Variable Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Bolivia Ley de Medio Ambiente (Act of the Environment) No. 1333 and Decreto Supremo No 24176, of December 8th 1995 Reglamento de Control y Prevención Ambiental (Regulations of Environmental Control and Protection) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government During the Scoping process, project proponents must present a “Ficha Ambiental” (Environmental Factsheet) with information on the possible impacts of the project to the environment according to a specific methodology. If the authority considers that the project will cause significant environmental impact in one or more elements of the environment it will require the presentation of an EIA. The regulations list some projects that do not require a full EIA. See EIA Regulations, Articles 15, 16, 17. Article 16 offers a full list of factors to determine whether an EIA is required. List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30 days Yes Yes Yes 10 years (generally) No Yes Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available No Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes No Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No Not specified Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Botswana Environmental Assessment Act, 2011 Environmental Assessment Regulations, 2012 Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EIA Regulations, Schedule 1 (listing activities that require preparation of EIA; requiring EIA for projects within 2km of "environmentally sensitive" areas; requiring EIA for projects that may cause a public outcry or cause displacement of people). See also EIA Act, sec. 9(1) ("Where the competent authority determines that the proposed activity is likely to have a significant adverse environmental impact, it shall require that such activity undergo an environmental impact assessment. . . .") List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 60+ No Yes Yes Variable (specified in authorisation) No No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts, Other Yes Sometimes No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes The proposed project is controversial, Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 28 days Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Brazil Brazilian Constitution, Art. 225 sec. 1(IV); Supplementary Law No. 140 of 2011; Federal Law 6938 of 1981, Decree 99.274/1990; Federal Law 9.985/2000, Decree 4340/2002, Federal Law 10.650/2003 Resolutions of the National Environment Council - CONAMA 01/1986; 06/1987; 09/1987; 01/1988; 237/1997; 279/2001 Regulatory Instructions and Ordinances issued by Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente and state environmental agencies Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government "In order to ensure the effectiveness of this right [to an ecologically balanced environment], it is incumbent upon the Government to. . . demand in the manner prescribed by law, for the installation of works and activities which may potentially cause significant degradation of the environment, a prior environmental impact study, which shall be made public[.]" Federal Constitution Chapter VI, Article 225, para. 1(4). Lists and appendices of project types are located in Annex I of the National Environment Council’s (CONAMA) Resolution 237/97 and in other State’s Regulatory Instructions and Ordinances. List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 60+ No Yes Yes Variable (depending on type of authorization) No Yes Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts, Other Yes Yes Yes Yes Internet, Library, Agency or ministry office, Local government office Yes Internet, Library, Agency or ministry office, Local government office No No No No Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing, Other Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
British Columbia, Canada Environmental Assessment Act Public Consultation Policy Regulation, B.C. Reg. 373/2002; Reviewable Projects Regulation, B.C. Reg. 370/2002 Environmental Assessment Office User Guide (June 2015) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government Projects that are subject to environmental assessment are listed in the Reviewable Projects Regulation, B.C. Reg. 370/2002. Also, the minister may by order designate a project as reviewable if the minister is satisfied that the project may have significant adverse environmental, social, economic, heritage or health effect and the project has not substantially started. EA Act, sec. 6. Haddock (2010) notes that there are significant gaps in the Reviewable Projects Regulation that allow major development projects (e.g. exploratory oil drilling, agricultural industry, forest logging) to proceed without adequate consideration of environmental impacts. See Haddock, M. & ELC, "Environmental Assessment in British Columbia" p. 17 (available at http://www.elc.uvic.ca/publications/documents/ELC_EA-IN-BC_Nov2010.pdf) List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 180 No Yes Yes 3-5 years No No No No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required, Other 0 No 30-75 Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No
China Law of the People's Republic of China on Evaluation of Environmental Effects Chinese Plan Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2009 (unofficial translation; applies to government plans only) EIA Guidelines - Atmospheric Environment (available in Chinese) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government "[W]here considerable effects may be exerted on the environment preparing a written report on environmental effects, in which a comprehensive evaluation of the effects on the environment shall be made[.]" EIA Law, Art. 16(1). List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 60 No Yes Yes 5 years No Direct environmental impacts, Other Yes Yes Yes Other Yes Agency or ministry office Yes No Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings Sometimes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required Not specified Yes No Sometimes No Yes
Colombia Law 99 of 1993 as amended by Law 1753 of 2015 (National Development Plan 2014-2018) Decree 2041 of 2014 Handbook on Environmental Impact Studies (2002) (still used though it does not incorporate new revisions to the law) Government projects, Private Projects No No Government Only projects, works and activities that are listed in articles 8 and 9 of Decree 2041 will be subject to environmental license procedure. Decree 2041, Art. 7 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 90 days No Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes Yes Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office, Local government office, Other No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing, The proposed project exceeds a certain size and or cost Not specified No Not specified Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Costa Rica Organic Act of the Environment 7554 (Ley Orgánica del AmbienteGeneral No. 7554) Regulations on Environmental Impact Assessment Procedures, Decree 31849-2004 (Reglamento General sobre los Procedimientos de Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental, Decreto 31849-2004). Guidelines of Technical Tools for the Environmental Impact Assessment Process Parts I, II, IV Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EIA Regulations, Article 7 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 10 weeks (and up to 5 months for large-scale projects) No Yes Yes 2 years Yes Yes Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Agency or ministry office, Not available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office Yes Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing, Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing Variable No Variable Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Dominican Republic Law 64-00 on the Environment and Natural Resources Compendium of Regulations and Procedures for Environmental Authorizations in the Dominican Republic Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government Any project, infrastructure, industry, or any other activity that may affect the environment and natural resources shall obtain an environmental permit from the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources. Law 64-00, Art. 40. See also Law 64-00, Art. 41 with a non-exhaustive list of projects that require an EIA process and EIA Compendium, Annex A with a list of projects and activities and their respective permit categories. List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 126-190 days No Yes Yes 5 years Yes Yes No No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts No No No No Not available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes No Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No 15 days Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ecuador Environmental Management Act, R.O. 418 of 10 September 2004 Decree No. No. 3516 establishing the Unified Text of Secondary Legislation of the Ministry of the Environment, 14 August 2012 Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government Decree No. 3516, Libro VI, Cap. III, Art. 15. List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30 days No Yes Yes Not specified Yes Yes Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office, Other No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No 30 days Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Egypt Law for the Protection of the Environment (Law 4/1994, as amended by Law 9/2009) (english translation) Executive Regulations (Arabic only) Guidelines of Principles and Procedures for Environmental Impact Assessment (2009) & EIA Guidelines for various sectors Government projects, Private Projects Yes Government Proposed projects are categorized by potential impact. The Executive Regulations contain illustrative lists to guide project proponents List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Not specified Yes Variable (specified in license) Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts Yes Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No No Yes Scoping, Review of draft EIA Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 15 days Yes No Yes Yes
England and Wales Town and Country Planning Act 1990 The Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (England and Wales) Regulations 2011 Circular 02/99: Environmental impact assessment Government projects, Private Projects Yes Government For Schedule 1 projects an EIA must always be carried out. For Schedule 2 projects an EIA must be carried out if the development is likely to have a significant impact on the environment by virtue of its nature, size or location. Developments which meet or exceed the applicable threshold are considered on a case-by-case basis. For the purpose of determining whether EIA is necessary, those of the selection criteria set out in Schedule 3 to the Regulations which are relevant to the proposed development, must be taken into account. See Regulations, sec. 4 (screening) List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Sometimes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No LPAs have a target of 56 days to determine planning applications, although this may be extended at the discretion of the LPA. Yes Yes No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Cultural impacts Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Estonia Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Management System Act Detailed List of Areas of Activity Requiring Consideration of Need for Initiation of Environmental Impact Assessment Government of the Republic Regulation No. 224 of 29 August 2005 Government projects, Private Projects No No Government "Environmental impact shall be assessed: 1) upon application for or application for amendment of a development consent if the proposed activity which is the basis for application for or amendment of the development consent potentially results in significant environmental impact; 2) if activities are proposed which alone or in conjunction with other activities may potentially significantly affect a Natura 2000 site." EIA & EMS Act, sec. 3 "Environmental impact is significant if it may potentially exceed the environmental capacity of a site, cause irreversible changes to the environment, endanger human health and well-being, the environment, cultural heritage or property." EIA & EMS Act, sec. 5. Section 6 provides a list of activities that have significant impacts. See also Detailed List of Areas of Activity Requiring Consideration of Need for Initiation of Environmental Impact Assessment Government of the Republic Regulation No. 224 of 29 August 2005 (available at http://www.legaltext.ee/en/andmebaas/ava.asp?m=022) List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 30 days Yes Yes Not specified No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Fiji Environment Management Act, 2005 Environment Management (EIA Process) Regulations 2007 Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Guidelines (Department of Environment) Government projects, Private Projects No No Government "If the approving authority determines that the activity or undertaking will cause a significant environmental or resource management impact, the development proposal must be subject to the EIA process." EM Act, sec. 27(4). See also EIA Regulations, sec. 6(1) Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 35 days No Yes Yes Not specified Sometimes No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes No Sometimes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No 21 days Yes No No Yes Yes
Ghana The Environmental Protection Agency Act, 1994 Environmental Assessment Regulations, 1999 Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government The Agency has authority to request an EIA from any person responsible for an activity that may have adverse effect on the environment. EPA Act sec. 12(1); EA Regulations sec. 3 + Schedule 1 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 90 days except in situations where a public hearing is held. EA Regulations sec. 20 No Yes No 18 months Yes No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts, Other Yes Yes No No Not available Yes No Agency or ministry office No No No No Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes The proposed project is controversial 0 No unspecified Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No
Guatemala Decreto Número 68-86 Ley de Protección y Mejoramiento del Medio Ambiente Acuerdo Gubernativo 431-2007, Reglamento de Evaluación, Control y Seguimiento Ambiental Manual de Procedimientos de Evaluación Ambiental de Proyectos, Obras o Actividades en las Delegaciones Departamentales (Manual of Environmental Assessment Procedures for Regional Offices) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EIA Regulations, Article 12; Acuerdo Gubernativo No 134-2005, Article 1 List or appendix of project or activity types, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30-90 days (depending on project classification) Yes Yes Yes Variable (specified in authorization) Yes No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Economic impacts Yes Sometimes Yes Yes Agency or ministry office, Local government office No No Not Available No Yes Yes No Scoping, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 20 days Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Guyana Environmental Protection Act Environmental Protection (Authorisations) Regulations 2000 Various Ministry guidelines have been published but are not available in electronic format Government projects, Private Projects No No Government "A developer of any project listed in the Fourth Schedule, or any other project which may significantly affect the environment, shall apply to the Agency for an environmental permit. . . ." EP Act, sec. 11(1); Schedule 4. When it is not clear whether a project will significantly affect the environment, the project developer must submit a project summary and the Agency will determine whether it is subject to the EIA requirements or not. EP Act, sec. 11(2) List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No Variable (at least 60 days) No Yes Yes 5 years Sometimes No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Other Yes Yes No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 60 days Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Israel Planning & Building Law 5725-1965 (with amendments) (Unofficial translation) Planning & Building Regulations (Environmental Impact Statements) 5763-2003 Government projects, Private Projects No No Government The regulations identified certain types of activities that require the project proponent to submit an EIS. P&B Regulations, sec. 2(a). An EIS may be required for any plan that may have a significant impact on the environment. P&B Regulations sec. 2(2), 2(3). List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 31-60 No Yes Yes Indefinite. No No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts Yes Yes No Other Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No No Yes Yes No No Review of final EIA No Other 0 No 0 No No No Yes Yes Yes No No
Japan Environmental Impact Assessment Law, Law No. 81 of 1997 Environmental Impact Assessment in Japan (2012) Government projects, Private Projects No No Government The screening judgement is made by the authorizing agency in accordance with the judgment criteria. In making the judgment, opinions from the prefectural governor who is well-acquainted with the local situation should be taken into consideration. EIA Law, Art. 4; see also MoE Publication, "EIA in Japan" List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 210 No No Yes Indefinite No No No No Direct environmental impacts Yes No Yes Yes Other Yes Yes Other Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes No Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 30 Yes 30 No Yes No Yes No Yes No No
Kenya Environmental Management and Co-Ordination Act, 1999 ("EMCA") The Environmental (Impact Assessment and Audit) Regulations, 2003v Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EMCA sec. 58(1) + Second Schedule; EIA required for any activity that "may introduce exotic species" or "lead to unsustainable use of any ecosystem." EMCA Regulations (2006) sec. 4; see also EIA Regulations (2003) sec. 4 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 90 Yes Yes Yes Indefinite No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No Other Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No No Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 0 No 90 Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes
Korea Environmental Impact Assessment Act (English translation) Presidential Decree No. 22702: Enforcement Decree of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin - Environmental Impact Assessment Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Developer Screening is achieved primarily by reference to a list of project types. See EIA Act Art. 4(1). Additional details on the scope of projects subject to environmental impact assessment are provided in Table 1 of Presidential Decree 22702. This table is reproduced on pp. 12-13 of Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin on Environmental Impact Assessment. (xxx) Projects that fall outside of EIA Act may be subject to environmental impact assessment under Municipal Ordinance of City/Do. See EIA Act Art. 5(1). List or appendix of project or activity types, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 45 days (may be extended to 60 days) No Yes Not specified No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Social impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes Yes Yes Internet, Other No No Yes No Yes No Scoping, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings Yes Yes Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing 20-60 days Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Laos Environmental Protection Law Decree on Environmental Impact Assessment Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes
Liberia Environmental Protection and Management Law of Liberia Environmental Impact Assessment Procedural Guideline 2006 Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EP&M Law, secs. 6(1), 8; Annex I "Projects/Activities Requiring an Environmental Impact Assessment Mandatory List" List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No No Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No No Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Terms of reference, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing, The proposed project is controversial No 30 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Malaysia Environmental Quality Act 1974 (EQA) (as amended) Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities) Environmental Impact Assessment Order, 1987 Department of Environment, "EIA Procedure and Requirements in Malaysia" Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government Prescribed activities are described in the Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities)(Environmental Impact Assessment) Order, 1987. List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 90 No Yes Yes Indefinite No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Other Yes Yes No Not available Yes Yes Library, Agency or ministry office, Local government office No No No No Yes No Scoping, Review of final EIA No No Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 0 45 days Yes No No Yes No Yes No No
Malta Environment and Development Planning Act, Cap. 504 Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2007 (S.L. 504.79) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government "Any development listed under Category I of Schedule IA to these regulations shall require a full environmental impact assessment by the preparation of an environmental impact statement. . . ." EIA Regulations, sec. 3(4). The Director of Environmental Protection may require a project proponent to prepare a full EIA "if he is of the opinion that significant impacts are likely to occur having regard to the criteria set out in Schedule IB and a normal planning application or an environmental planning statement do not provide an adequate basis for evaluating such development." EIA Regulations, sec. 3(6). List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes No Yes Yes Variable (at discretion of Authority) Sometimes No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts, Other Yes Yes Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office, Local government office Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Terms of reference, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 22-37 days Yes No Yes No Yes Yes
Mexico Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente (LGEEPA) Reglamento de la Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente en Materia de Impacto Ambiental Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government LGEEPA, Art. 28 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days (may be extended by 60 days) No Yes Yes Sometimes Yes No No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Economic impacts, Other Yes No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office Yes No Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing, Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 20 days (plus 10 days to view abstract) Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Myanmar Environmental Conservation Law, No. 9/2012 Environmental Conservation Rules, Notification No. 50/2014 Environmental Impact Assessment Procedure, Notification No. 616 / 2015 Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EIA Procedure, secs. 25-28; EIA Procedure, Annex I List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 90 days (may be extended) No Yes Yes 5 years (may be renewed) Sometimes No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Library, Agency or ministry office, Other Yes Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No Not specified Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Namibia Environmental Management Act - No. 7 of 2007 Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2012 Procedures and Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP) - Draft (2008) Government projects, Private Projects No No "Assessments must be undertaken for activities which may have a significant effects on the environment or the use of natural resources." EM Act, sec. 3(2)(e); "The Minister…may list…activities which may not be undertaken without an environmental clearance certificate." EM Act, sec. 27(1). See Annexure to Government Notice No. 29 of 2012, List of Activities that May Not Be Undertaken Without Environmental Clearance Certificate. List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes Variable (at least 14 days) No Yes Yes 3 years No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 21 days Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No
Nepal Environment Protection Act, 2053 (1997) (English translation) Environment Protection Rules, 2054 (1997) (English translation) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government See Schedule -1 and -2 of Environment Protection Rules List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days (may be extended by 30 days) No Yes Indefinite No No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts Yes Yes No Not available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No No Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 30 Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
New Zealand Resource Management Act, 1991 Resource Management Act Series (published by Ministry of the Environment) Government projects, Private Projects No No Government Activities that need a resource consent are classified as controlled, restricted discretionary, discretionary and non-complying. A council has to grant a resource consent for a controlled activity (with a few exceptions), but can refuse to grant a resource consent for a restricted discretionary, discretionary or non-complying activity. RM Act, sec. 87A List or appendix of project or activity types No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No Variable No Yes Yes Variable Sometimes No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Economic impacts, Other Yes Sometimes No Not available Yes Yes Local government office No Yes No Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing, Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 20 days Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes
Nigeria Environmental Impact Assessment Decree, No. 86 of 1992 Environmental Impact Assessment Procedural Guidelines (FEPA, 1995) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government "Where the extent, nature or location of a proposed project or activity is such that is likely to significantly affect the environment, its environmental impact assessment shall be undertaken in accordance with the provisions of this Decree." Decree No. 86, sec. 2(2); see also Schedule 1 (listing mandatory study categories) List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No Not specified No Yes Yes Variable No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes Sometimes No Not available Yes Yes Other Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes The proposed project is controversial, Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing Variable Yes Yes No Yes
Pakistan Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997 Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Review of IEE and EIA) Regulations, 2000 Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency guidelines (sectoral guidelines available on the Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency website) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EA Regulations sec. 5 + Schedules I & II List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No 90 - 120 Yes Yes Yes 3 years Yes No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts Yes Yes No No Other Yes No Agency or ministry office No Yes No Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 0 No 30 Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Pakistan-Balochistan Province Balochistan Environment Protection Act, 2012 Regulations have not yet been adopted (June 2014) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government Where a project is likely to cause an adverse environmental effect, the project proponent must file an EIA and obtain government agency approval. BEP Act, sec. 15(1). Certain projects must undergo the IEE/EIA procedure, including mining, quarrying and stone crushing. See BEP Act, sec. 15(9). List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 4 months Yes No Yes Not specified No No Yes No Yes Yes No No Not available No No Agency or ministry office No Yes No No Review of final EIA Not specified Yes No No No No Yes No No
Peru National Environmental Impact Assessment Law, No. 27446 (2001) (as modified by Legislative Decree No. 1078 (2008); General Environmental Law, No. 28611 (2005) Regulations of Law No. 27446 - Supreme Decree No. 019-2009-MINAM (2009) Numerous sectoral guidelines - energy, industrial hydrocarbons, fishing, transportation Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government In determining whether an EIA is required, the environmental authority must consider environmental criteria, including protection of public health, natural resources, protected areas, flora and fauna, biological diversity, and cultural/architectural resources. Law No. 27446, Art. 5 Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 120 days No Yes Yes 3 years Sometimes Yes Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts, Gender equity Yes Yes Yes No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office, Local government office No Yes Yes Yes Sometimes No Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required Variable Yes 0 No Sometimes Yes Yes No No No No
Philippines Presidential Decrees Nos. 1151 (1977) & 1586 (1978) Department Administrative Orders 2003-30 & 96-37 MC 2007-02 (Revised Procedural Manual); MC 2007-0001 (Environmental Impact Assessment Review Manual); MC 2010-14 (Standardization of Requirements and Enhancement of Public Participation in the Streamlined Implementation of the Philippine EIA System) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government "[A]ll agencies and instrumentalities of the national government, including government-owned or controlled corporations, as well as private corporations, firms and entities shall prepare, file and include in every action, project or undertaking which significantly affects the quality of the environment a detailed statement on . . . the environmental impact of the proposed action, project or undertaking. . . ." P.D. 1151 sec. 4; see also listed activities in DAO 96-37, Art. II, section 1 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 5 years Sometimes No No No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Economic impacts, Gender equity Yes Yes No No Other Yes No Agency or ministry office No No No Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing, The proposed project is controversial 0 No at least 15 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Rwanda Organic Law No. 04/2005, Determining Modalities of Protection, Conservation, and Promotion of Environment in Rwanda Ministerial Order Nos. 003/2008 & 004/2008 Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines, 2006 Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government The EIA regulations contain an annex listing projects that are subject to EIA. See Annex to Min. Order No. 004/2008. Also, "[w]hen it is necessary and evident that the project might have a negative impact on the environment, Rwanda Environment Management Authority shall have the power to request the project's owner to conduct environmental impact assessment even if it is not listed in the annex." Min. Order No. 004/2008, Art. 4 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes Variable (at least 20 days) No Yes Yes Unknown No No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes No Agency or ministry office No Yes No Sometimes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing No Not specified Yes No Yes Yes No
Saudi Arabia General Environmental Law, 2001 General Environmental Law Rules for Implementation Environmental Protection Standards (read in conjunction with regulations) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government There are guidelines for classifying proposed projects into one of three categories. The guidelines include lists of projects that are anticipated to have "limited" (Category 1), "significant" (Category 2), or "serious" (Category 3) impacts. See Appendix 2 "Guidelines For Classification of Industrial And Development Projects" List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Government (with or without contractor) Yes No Not specified Yes Yes Indefinite No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Other Yes No No No No Not Available No No No No No No No No No No No
South Africa National Environmental Management Act of 1998 (NEMA) & Amendments 2008 Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations (Government Notice No. R.543 of June 18, 2010 – corrected by Government Notice No. R.660 of July 30, 2010 and Government Notice No. R.1159 of December 10, 2010) Western Cape Government "EIA Guideline and Information Document Series" (March 2013) Government projects, Private Projects No Developer See Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2010: Listing Notice 1: List of activities and competent authorities identified in terms of sections 24(2) and 24D (activities for which a basic assessment process must be conducted)(Government Notice No. R. 544 of 2010); Listing Notice 2: List of activities and competent authorities identified in terms of sections 24(2) and 24D (activities for which an S&EIR process must be conducted) (Government Notice No. R. 545 of 2010); Listing Notice 3: List of activities and competent authorities identified in terms of sections 24(2), 24(5) and 24D (activities and sensitive areas per province, for which a basic assessment process must be conducted) (Government Notice No. R. 546). List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 60 (accept/reject EIA) + 45 (decision) No Yes Yes Indefinite unless specified in authorisation Sometimes No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes Yes Yes Agency or ministry office, Other Yes Yes Agency or ministry office, Other No No Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Other variable Yes variable Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Spain Royal Legislative Decree 1/2008 (as modified by Law 6/2010); Law of Environmental Impact Assessment of Projects 9/2006; Government projects, Private Projects No No Government Royal Legislative Decree 1/2008 (as amended), Article 3 & Annexes I, II. Projects listed in Annex I require an EIA. Projects listed in Annex II or that may impact a Natura 2000 may require an EIA at the discretion of the authority. The screening decision must be made available to the public and meet the criteria in Annex III. List or appendix of project or activity types, Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 90 days No Yes Yes 5 years (may vary if under jurisdiction of Autonomous Region) No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts Yes Yes Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 30 days Yes Not specified No Yes No Yes Yes
Sri Lanka National Environmental Act, No. 47 of 1980 (as amended 1988 & 2000) National Environmental (Procedure for approval of projects) Regulations No. 1 of 1993 (as amended) General and Sectoral Guidelines (Agricultural, Road & Rail Development) (not available online) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government Prescribed projects are listed in the EIA Regulations. A consolidated list of the prescribed projects is maintained on the Central Environmental Authority's website: http://www.cea.lk/Prescribed_Projects.php List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60+ days No Yes Yes 3 years No No No No No No No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office, Local government office No Yes Yes Sometimes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing No 30 days Yes Yes No Yes
Swaziland The Environment Management Act, 2002 The Environmental Audit, Assessment and Review Regulations, 2000 Swaziland Environment Authority: Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EAAR Regulations, sec. 6(1) & First Schedule. OTHER: During the screening process, "the authorising agency shall take into consideration all relevant factors including the scale of the proposed project and its location in relation to environmentally sensitive areas." EAAR Regulations, sec. 6(2) List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 20 days (after close of public review period/public hearing) No Yes Yes 3 years No No Yes Direct environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Other Yes Yes No Not available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office, Local government office, Other No Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes The proposed project is controversial, Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing No 20 (may be extended 10 days) Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Taiwan Environmental Impact Assessment Act, 1994 Environmental Impact Assessment Enforcement Rules Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EIA Act, Arts. 5 & 8 (list of activities for Phase I assessment; "significant impact" standard for Phase II assessment). "Significant impact" is further defined in the EIA Enforcement Regulations, Art. 19 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Yes No 60 (may be extended) No Yes Yes 3 years No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Social impacts, Health impacts Yes No Yes Yes Internet, Library, Local government office, Other Yes Yes Internet, Other Yes Yes No Scoping, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Other Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 30 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tanzania Environmental Management Act, 2004 Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit Regulations, 2005 Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government "No developer shall implement a project - (a) likely to have a negative environmental impact; or (b) for which an environmental impact assessment is required [under the Environmental Management Act or EIA Regulations.]" EIA Regulations, sec. 4 & First Schedule (listing projects that require EIA). Screening criteria are in the EIA Regulations, Second Schedule List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 90 No Yes Yes 3 years No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office Yes Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 14 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Trinidad & Tobago Environmental Management Act, 2000 Certificate of Environmental Clearance Rules, 2001; Certificate of Environmental Clearance (Designated Activities) Order, 2001 & 2008 and amendments (2007 & 2008) CEC Is Law (Summary and Guidance) Government projects, Private Projects No No Government See Certificate of Environmental Clearance (Designated Activities) Order, 2001 (as amended by orders in 2007 & 2008) http://www.ema.co.tt/cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=63&Itemid=66. List or appendix of project or activity types Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 80 days (may be extended) No Yes Yes 3 years No Yes Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts Sometimes Sometimes No No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Public Meetings and/or public hearings Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 0 days 30 days Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Uganda National Environment Act, Cap 153 Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, S.I. No. 13/1998 Various sectoral guidelines available from the National Environmental Management Authority (not available on the internet) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government See National Environmental Act, Third Schedule (listing projects that require EIA). The Executive Director of NEMA may also screen projects that are not listed in the Third Schedule and conclude that these are subject to EIA. NE Act, sec. 19(7). List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 180 No Yes Yes Variable Sometimes No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes No No Not available Yes No Library, Agency or ministry office, Local government office Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required, The proposed project is controversial, Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing, Other N/A No 21 (affected individuals) or 28 (general public) Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No
Ukraine Law of Ukraine on Environmental Impact Assessment Government projects, Private Projects No No Government "The environmental impact assessment shall be mandatory in the process of decision-making on carrying out the proposed activity identified in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article. Such a proposed activity shall be made subject to the environmental impact assessment before the decision on carrying out the proposed activity is made." EIA Law, Art. 3. List or appendix of project or activity types No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No Not specified No Yes Yes 5 years No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Other Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Scoping, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No 25-35 days Yes Yes No Sometimes No Yes Yes No
United States National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) 42 U.S.C. 4321-4347 Council on Environmental Quality Regulations (CEQ Regulations), 40 C.F.R. Part 1500 Council on Environmental Quality, Forty Most Asked Questions Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government An environmental impact statement must be prepared for any major Federal action "significantly affecting the quality of the human environment." 42 U.S.C. sec. 4332(C) Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Government (with or without contractor) Government No Yes 30 No Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes Yes Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Health impacts, Economic impacts Yes Sometimes Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office Yes Yes Internet, Agency or ministry office No No Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings, Review of final EIA Sometimes Yes 30 Yes 30 Yes Yes No Sometimes Yes Yes No No
Venezuela Ley Orgánica del Ambiente Decree No. 1.257 (Normas sobre Evaluación Ambiental de Actividades Susceptibles de Degradar el Ambiente) Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government In addition to the list of projects, the authority may required an EIA based on project characteristics, potential effects, and the conditions of the area to be affected by the project/activity. Decree 1.257, Article 5 List or appendix of project or activity types, Other Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No Not specified Yes Yes No Direct environmental impacts Yes Yes No Yes Agency or ministry office No Review of draft EIA, Public Meetings and/or public hearings Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing
Vietnam Law on Environmental Protection (2005) Decree No. 29/2011/ND-CP Government projects, Private Projects No No Government 2011 Decree, Art. 12 & Appendix 2 List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30-60+ days No Yes Yes 3 years No Yes No No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes Not available No No Local government office No No Yes No Other Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing No 0 No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Zambia Environmental Management Act No. 12 of 2011 Environmental Protection and Pollution Control (Environmental Impact Assessment) Regulations, 1997 Government projects, Private Projects Yes No Government EIA Regulations, sec. 7 and First & Second Schedules List or appendix of project or activity types, Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 20-30 days No Yes Yes 3 years No No Yes No Direct environmental impacts, Cumulative environmental impacts, Social impacts, Cultural impacts, Economic impacts Yes Yes No No Not available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office, Local government office, Other No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Scoping, Terms of reference, Public Meetings and/or public hearings Yes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing No 20-35 days Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No