Interdisciplinary Team Detail:
This criteria is not addressed in the EIA law or regulations.
Range of Alternatives Detail:
EIA Regulations, Schedule 2, Form E(j) (describing minimum content of EIA document)
No Action Alternative Detail:
EIA Regulations, Schedule 2, Form E (describing minimum content of EIA document)
Type(s) of Impact Analysis:
Direct environmental impacts
Cumulative environmental impacts
The requirement to include mitigation measures is described in detail in Schedule 2, Form E, subsection K of the EIA Regulations. The Form states, in part: "Feasible and cost-effective measures which will reduce potential environmentally significant impacts to acceptable levels should be proposed including capital and recurrent costs, and institutional and training requirements of those measures estimated. There should be clear responsibility for the proposed actions stated, timelines given for implementing the measures and an estimated cost provided. Mitigation is an encompassing term to denote actions that serve to avoid, reduce or compensate for adverse impacts and promote or increase the beneficial impacts of a project."
Monitoring Plans Detail:
"The competent authority may, in issuing an authorisation, prescribe, in writing, specific requirements for monitoring during and after implementation of the proposed activity, by the technical departments, local authorities and the developer." EIA Act, sec. 12(3); but see EIA Regulations, Schedule 2, Form E(m) ("The consulting team will, on the developer’s behalf, design a monitoring plan that is workable. A monitoring scheme for any project is designed to, among other things, check the compliance of the activities of the project against set standards and regulations."). The Regulations suggest that monitoring plans are a required feature of the Botswana EIA process.